6 Leads to Of Thick Movie Resistor Failure

Thick film resistor failure is never a result of a failure in the resistive element but is usually as a consequence of external environmental elements such as mechanical and electrical stresses and dealing with challenges. Failures can be possibly classed as being a degradation of general performance or finish failure (typically being an open instead of a brief circuit).

6 typical results in of thick movie resistor failure are:

Thermal difficulties
Mechanical tension
Continual overload
Environmental - steel migration


Other than handling harm bringing about substrate cracks and chips most mechanical harm is brought on by both vibration or inappropriate mounting of the unit. Micro cracking with the resistor product brought on by vibration or compression / extension in the resistor due to inappropriate mounting can lead to alter inside the resistance worth, harm to the resistive aspect or component failure. In all circumstances the risk of failure is improved by presence of a number of on the stresses stated underneath.


While a thick film resistor is usually coated to shield it from moisture and intense chemical factors environmental elements such as moisture and contamination continue to need watchful consideration. Both of those might cause metallic migration between the terminals of the resistor leading to likely shorter circuit or a change in resistance benefit.

THERMAL Concerns

Most mechanical failure modes of thick movie resistors are propagated by heat. It truly is consequently vital to be familiar with the warmth dissipation Qualities with the resistor and substrate materials. A low power resistor dissipates heat by way of conduction by way of its part potential customers or connections, although a higher energy resistor dissipates warmth as a result of radiation.

When latest passes through a resistor it generates heat plus the differential thermal expansions of the different materials Employed in the resistor producing procedure induces stresses in the resistor. Temperature Coefficient of Resistance (TCR) is the greatest acknowledged parameter accustomed to specify a thick movie resistor stability, and defines the resistive factor's sensitivity to temperature modify. Electric power Coefficient of Resistance (PCR) quantifies the resistance alter due to self-heating when power is utilized and is especially vital for resistors used in electricity purposes.

OVERLOAD Disorders

A continual around-load of the resistor system degrades the insulation resistance and changes the resistor parameters over time. Voltage anxiety could potentially cause conduction from Usually non-conductive resources during the resistor film leading to deterioration and occasionally failure on account of hot spots. It is actually therefore crucial to notice the resistor greatest specified voltage.


The main element ingredient in analyzing the surge survivability of a thick movie resistor would be the mass of the resistor ingredient, which can be right proportional to its thickness multiplied by its surface area area. The geometry of the resistor also influences its surge stand up to capacity. A bigger surface area place ends in a greater film mass, and in the end an improved surge performance. The enhanced surface area area allows extra warmth dissipation which is important in electric power resistor apps.

The final component contributing variable to your resistor surge functionality is how the element is resistor trimmed to ascertain the ultimate resistance price. The tactic useful for trimming can produce weak spots that trigger failure below surge ailments.


Hurt by way of ESD is actually a latent defect that may be hard to detect. The resistor may be partly degraded by ESD but continue to perform its supposed operate. Having said that, the likelihood of premature or catastrophic failure of the resistor machine are greater, significantly In the event the product is exposed to one or capacitors more on the stresses mentioned over.

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